Response to 3 classmates:
Chapter 1 – Resilience
I have worked in the field of social services for Child Protection Services (CPS) for 12 years in the state of Washington. In doing so I have seen children that have been traumatized. I have the chance to experience how resilient some youth or children can be. I agree that children are dependent on adults when they are younger, but I have seen children at incredibly young age accomplish their independence at a young age. As a worker I had an opportunity to support they children or young adults. The way that counseling helps me support these youth was by having active listening skills. Understanding the youth perceptions and discussing they perspectives. If a child preserves me as a paid friend; continue to build on the relationship. I tried to use any positive means to allow me to be supportive. Empowering a child to set their own goal and making obtainable goals. Building a rapport with a child, is especially important to be able to make lead way while counseling. You want clients to perceive you as a support to be trusted. The counselor must be a safe, and trusted person despite any difference between the child and the counselor.
Chapter 2 – Five Competencies
Knowing your self and being self-aware of your abilities and your weakness. If you are not a subject matter expert a specific area it is ok to refer your client to another counselor or subject matter expert.
Being diverse and able to work with populations other then your own. By having good listening skills, it will help with working with all populations. Check you bias at the door.
Being Cultured and respectful to all your clientele
Understanding racism, sexism, and different populations. This ties together with being self-aware. It also goes with checking your biases at the door. We all have them but its our clients needs that counselor work to meet.
Recognizing our differences and accepting them for what they are.
Self Actualization – working to full potential
Self Esteem – Feeling good about yourself
Love and belonging- being able to fit in. Feeling loved and being able to love
Safety needs – the need to feel safe
Physiological needs – basic needs; food, shelter
It is important to inform your client of the rules of consent and have you client understand that both parent or caregivers may have access to their information; even if the parents are separated or divorced. It is important to establish this before starting any counseling session. Counselor and professionals need to be careful how records are kept to that could lead to any misunderstanding. There should be clear documentation of decision making before any sessions.
The best way to handle children brought in by parents is by making both clients. When parent or caregiver see an issue and would like the counselor to address the issue. Participation by both the child and the parent may be the best way to handle to situation. I found while working, I had better outcome by counseling the child as well as the parent.
Describe the quality of resilience. Where do you observe resilience in children? How would you use this quality in counseling with children?
Resilience is the ability to handle stress in a positive way. Many people do better than expected in adverse circumstances. I work in as a police officer and have seen children go through very traumatic incidents and they beat the odds. I have seen some of those same children thriving and doing better than what is expected years later. There is a young woman who does public speaking and shares her story. There was physical and sexual abuse in her life as a child, she ended up in the foster system and eventually placed with a family. She had a lot of anger and was acting out at school. She eventually figured she had to do something different and joined the wrestling team. She went on to gain national recognition and began to work on healing. She now educates others on how to help kids gain independence and work though healing traumas. The resilient children have some sort of critical life skills. They learn some as they grow and other can be improved on by supportive adults or counselors. Having stability helps develop better skills causing for better resiliency. When working with a child that has traumas or working though something specific, as a counselor recognizing the strengths of the client and working with those to build on the weaknesses to help the child process through the event. We would look at the positive attributes and work through some conflict resolution techniques to help them through interpersonal difficulties. Looking through the history of how children have been seen in society, we have come a long way but there is so much more work to be done. There are more resources available to help now than before.
List five competencies of the culturally skilled counselor. Where have you grown in these skills? Share an experience of yourself or someone you know.
List Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and give an example of how a child’s need might and might not be met in each.
Awareness (self, cultural, others) , knowledge (counseling through your knowledge, not doing something your aren’t trained or qualified in), skills (theories and implementations), listening and communication, critical thinking
I have grown in awareness through the group I help to facilitate. The men in the group are not there by choice and they are there due to domestic violence on different ranges. Some have one offense and some have several, some have back handed and others have stabbed or strangled. I am a police officer and when I deal with the offender its one sided, you committed a crime and you go to jail etc. On this side I can see behaviors that lead up to this. Some are cultural, some are bad parenting skills, some didn’t have needs met as children. They learn to become accountable for their actions, learn new coping skills to avoid re-offending, and work on find the sources for the maladaptive behaviors. It’s actually very rewarding to see the program work for them and see them grow and acknowledge traumas and deficiencies that could have shaped them to be who they are. To see the changes they are willing to make to avoid reacting like the have in the past is actually pretty cool.
Maslow’s Hierarchy o f needs: (top to bottom)
Self-actualization (fulfillment of potential)
Self Esteem ( feeling good about oneself)
Love and Belonging (feeling accepted as part of a group)
Safety needs ( personal and psychological)
Physiological needs (food, shelter, water, warmth)
The lower level is the physiological needs and can sometime be overlooked as it is taken for granted that everyone has access to basic human life things such as food. Some children do not have a warm home with food or running water. Growing up one of my brother’s friend lived on our couch for a while, he didn’t have the safety of a home or food. We were poor but we always had beans and rice and my mom fed him any time he was hungry. Safety needs, some kids will have stability and safety at home and at school while others are emotionally, physically and mentally abused those children do not have safety. Maybe some get bullied and don’t have that feeling of safety. Love and belonging, wanting to be accepted this can be family, friend groups and clubs to name a few examples. Those that do not feel loved or valued still struggle and could look for the acceptance in unhealthy sources (gangs, unhealthy relationships etc). Self esteem is feeling good about oneself, children should have responsibilities and be able to make choices and feel heard. This will help them as adults. I think this is why so many adults struggle is that somewhere something was lacking in one of the lower levels and they can get further up. The last level requires the prior four to be met for fulfillment.
Describe the implications of working with minors, confidentiality, and parental rights. How do you think you will handle this when working with a minor client brought in by a parent?
Children (minors) in counseling have rights. They should be respected and told the truth, to know the process, the reasons when confidentiality can be broken, to name a few. The parents also have rights and responsibilities such as having access to information that Persians to the child’s welfare, giving permission for treatments are a couple of examples. Identifying who the client is will be the first steps, is it the child, the family, the court etc. It is important to inform the chid about their rights, and what would lead to the counselor breaking confidentiality, such as a threat of harm to self. If there is suspected child abuse it has to be reported. The parent should also be informed what their rights are and what the counselor is willing to disclosed and what will be confidential. This could depend on the child’s age and the type of event that brings them to counseling. My husband and I took my step son to counseling when he was younger and it was frustrating because the counselor would not talk to us about anything that was said or happened in his session, nothing at all. As a parent I just feel like we needed reassurance that he was making progress an working though what he needed, not necessarily specifics about what they talk about. As a counselor working with minors and clarifying the times I would specifically have to break confidentiality I would ask the minor if it is okay to relate anything about the session to parents. Do they want the parent to know something brief (like “everything went well, we spoke and are processing things one at a time”), tell them more than that, or nothing at all. Those boundaries need to be established at the beginning so that neither become upset later.
Chapter 1 – Describe the quality of resilience.
Having the ability to continue to progress and move forward in their positive development despite being hard pressed, thrown a curve ball, compressed, or stretched by factors that are out of control.
Where do you observe resilience in children?
Sense of purpose
Social competence involves the characteristics, skills, and attitudes needed to form positive relationships and to become attached to other people. Socially competent people are generally friendly in nature, the ability to elicit positive responses from others, and have good verbal skills. They can communicate their personal needs in an appropriate way as young people. They show empathy, compassion, altruism, and forgiveness toward others. In addition, resilient children receive affection and support from caregivers.
As young people they have “good intellectual functioning” (Masten & Coatsworth, 1998) and are active problem solvers. They are proactive, intentional, and flexible. Resilient children use critical thinking skills and have the capacity to develop meaningful insight.
Acting independently and having a sense of control over the environment are other characteristics of the autonomous child are autonomy concerns and developing one’s sense of self, one’s sense of positive identity, and one’s sense of power. Benard (2004).
Resilient young people believe in a positive and strong future. That faith in the future has a direct correlation with academic success, positive self-identity, and fewer risky behaviors. Other distinctive attributes within this category are goal direction, creativity, special interest, optimism, and hope.
How would you use this quality in counseling with children?
Counselors can teach or model self-management and effective coping skills for problems and stressors. Counselors who work with resilience in mind do not focus on solutions or resolving conflicts. The counseling emphasizes the resilient behavior. Some ways for counselors to provide support to young people include:
role-plays (helping young people learn to express themselves)
conflict resolution techniques (helping young people through interpersonal difficulties)
nurturing, empathy, authenticity, realistic reinforcement, and genuine hope from the counselor
models of healthy interactions
peer support interventions
Chapter 2 – List five competencies of the culturally skilled counselor.
Awareness of diversity
Awareness of others cultures
Awareness of racism, sexism, poverty
Awareness of individual differences
Where have you grown in these skills?
I have grown in these skills as I learned more about others and the extreme diversity through cultural competency and through my internship experience. I practice honor and respect through attending racism, sexism and poverty. These experiences have helped me to become more self-aware in the process as well and learn about individual differences.
List Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and give an example of how a child’s need might and might not be met in each.
Psychological Needs – (Food and Shelter)
A child or children could be homeless or not have adequate housing or go without food or be hungry.
Safety Needs – (Personal and Psychological)
Children who are physically or emotionally abused, whether it’s in the home or in school.
Love and Belonging – Feeling accepted as part of group
The need to be fulfilled by play groups, cliques, gangs, and clubs, as well as the family.
Self Esteem – Feeling good about oneself
For children to be respected as worthwhile individuals capable of feeling, thinking, and behaving responsibly they can feel good about their self. Children can be treated with the warmth and respect needed to encourage learning and growth within guidelines and expectations.
Self-Actualization – Fulfillment of potential
Fulfilling this need implies that the child is not blocked by hunger, fear, lack of love or feelings of belonging, or low self-esteem. The child is not without problems but has learned problem-solving skills and can move forward to become all that he or she can be at that stage of life.
Chapter 4 – Describe the implications of working with minors, confidentiality, and parental rights.
There is privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication. The right to privacy ensures that people may choose what others know about them. Confidentiality refers to the professional responsibility to respect and limits access to clients’ personal information.
Counselors and their clients may not have the legal protection of “privilege” but confidentiality is a cornerstone of the counseling relationship and so must be maintained to the greatest extent possible.
To keep confidentiality from becoming a possible ethical or legal problem, counselors should inform the client during the first and subsequent sessions about confidentiality and its limits. Have parents as well as the minor, present in the first session so that all understand the parameters of therapy and limits of confidentiality. Those limits should be clearly disclosed and explained, and should include examples of legally and ethically mandated breaches of confidentiality. This disclosure should be done both verbally in language easily understood by the client and in a written statement that should be signed by the child client, parents, and the counselor. All parties should keep a copy of the written statement.
Exceptions to the privileged communication right in which professionals must disclose information include the following situations:
The professional is fulfilling a court-ordered role, such as expert witness.
A court mandates the release of information considered to be privileged communication.
A lawsuit against the professional is initiated by the client (e.g., malpractice).
The client uses his or her mental condition as a defense in a lawsuit.
A professional determines the client needs hospitalization because of a mental disorder.
A client discloses intent to commit a crime or is assessed to be dangerous to self or others.
A client is a minor and has been or is suspected of being the victim of a crime such as child abuse
How do you think you will handle this when working with a minor client brought in by a parent?
I would sit with the child client and the parent in the first session and go over the privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication information and have each sign an informed consent and explain in a way to each that they will understand.
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