Frameworks for Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction

 Frameworks for Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction

2. What are the responsibilities of community and public health nurses in promoting health and decreasing illness and injury in populations, families, and individuals?

Chapter 5: Frameworks for Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

 

1

Chapter Highlights #1

Influences on health and well-being

Role of the nurse as an interdisciplinary team member in health promotion and prevention

Health promotion programs

Epidemiologic models of health promotion and public health science

Levels of prevention and pathogenesis

Immunizations

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Chapter Highlights #2

Screening

Behavior change theories

Ecologic model and women living with HIV/AIDS

Health literacy

Interactive health literacy and health education

Critical health literacy and health promotion

 

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #1

Is the following statement true or false?

International goals and directives to maintain the health of individuals, families, and communities are significant road maps for healthcare professionals.

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Answer to Question #1

False

National, not international, goals and directives to maintain the health of individuals, families, and communities are significant road maps for healthcare professionals.

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health

Health—a quality, an ability to adapt to change, or a resource to help cope with challenges and processes of daily living

Well-being—a subjective perception of full functional ability as a human being

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction as Core Activities of Public Health

Providing essential input to interdisciplinary programs

Evaluating health trends and risk factors

Working with communities or specific population groups within the community

Participating in assessing and evaluating healthcare services

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Healthy People Initiatives

To increase quality and years of healthy life

To eliminate any barriers to accessing care, specifically through health disparities

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Road Maps to Health Promotion

Epidemiologic model and prevention

Levels of prevention

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #2

Is the following statement true or false?

Tertiary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place at the early and active chronic stages of pathogenesis of illness and injury.

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Answer to Question #2

False

Rationale: Secondary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place at the early and active chronic stages of pathogenesis of illness and injury. Tertiary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place at the palliation and end-stage of disease and injury trajectories.

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Levels of Prevention

Primary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place before illness or injury is present

Secondary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place at the early and active chronic stages of pathogenesis of illness and injury

Tertiary prevention—maximizing health and wellness through strategies that are set in place at the palliation and end stage of disease and injury trajectories

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #3

Is the following statement true or false?

Learning model—a behavior change model that considers the severity of the potential illness or physical challenge, the level of conceivable susceptibility, the benefits of taking preventive action, and the challenges that may be faced in taking action toward the goal of health promotion.

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Answer to Question #3

False

Rationale: Health belief model—a behavior change model that considers the severity of the potential illness or physical challenge, the level of conceivable susceptibility, the benefits of taking preventive action, and the challenges that may be faced in taking action toward the goal of health promotion. Learning model—a behavior change model emphasizing reinforcement of social competence, problem solving, autonomy, and sense of purpose

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Behavior Models

Motivational interviewing—client-centered communication style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients and groups explore and resolve ambivalence to change

Behavior change models—models that assist clients, groups, and communities to redirect activities toward health and wellness

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Learning Model

A behavior change model emphasizing reinforcement of social competence, problem solving, autonomy, and sense of purpose

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Belief Model

A behavior change model that considers the severity of the potential illness or physical challenge, the level of conceivable susceptibility, the benefits of taking preventive action, and the challenges that may be faced in taking action toward the goal of health promotion

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Transtheoretical Model

Precontemplation

Contemplation

Preparation

Action

Maintenance

Relapse

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Theory of Reasoned Action

A behavior model that emphasizes that individual performance of a given behavior is primarily determined by a person’s intention to perform that behavior

 

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Social Learning

A behavior change model that considers environmental influences, personal factors, and behavior as key components of change

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Theories of Social Support

Family members, friends, neighbors, and adjacent communities influencing change by offering instrumental assistance, informational support, emotional support, and/or appraising support

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

The Relapse Prevention Model

Negative emotional states

Lack of or limited coping skills

Decreased motivation

Stress

High-risk experiences

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Ecologic Model

Belief that all processes occurring within individual people and their environment should be viewed as interdependent

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Use of the Ecologic Model: Evidence for Health Promotion Intervention #1

Emphasize the unique developmental nature of variables that influence behaviors

Use a multilayered understanding of influence on behaviors

Test variables from each of the identified systems in the model to guide the assessment, development, implementation, and evaluation of targeted interventions

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Use of the Ecologic Model: Evidence for Health Promotion Intervention #2

Ontogenic system—personal factors

Microsystem—relationship between women and the environment

Exosystem—formal and informal social structures

Macroculture—values and beliefs of culture

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Promotion and Secondary/Tertiary Prevention for Women Living with HIV/AIDS

Prevention initiative that is community-based, peer-led, and interdisciplinary

Positive prevention

African American women experiencing disproportionate interpersonal mistrust, adherence to treatment plan, delays in seeking care, and compromised self-advocacy

Consideration to mental health

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Literacy

Information-literate

Visually literate

Communication-literate

Computationally literate

Analytically literate

Computer-literate

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Literacy and Health Education

Establishing supportive learning environment

Effective questioning

Evidence-based health literacy universal precautions

Healthy People 2020 and health literacy

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Literacy and Health Promotion

Build healthy public policies

Create supportive environments

Strengthen community action

Develop personal skills

Reorient health services

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Role of Nurses

Knowledge of the three levels of health literacy allows the community health nurse to intervene at the individual, provider, and community level:

Functional

Interactive

Critical

 

 

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your paper today and save 30% with the discount code HAPPY

X
Open chat
1
You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Via + 1 323 412 5597

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 30% with the discount code HAPPY