Chamberlain College of Nursing
Professor Eric May
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor and engineer who developed the rotating magnetic field, which is the foundation of most alternating-current technology. He also created the three-phase transmission method for electric power. In 1884, he emigrated to the United States and sold George Westinghouse the patent rights to his system of alternating-current dynamos, transformers, and motors. He designed the Tesla coil, a kind of induction coil that is commonly utilized in radio technology, in 1891.
He went to the Technical University of Graz in Austria and the University of Prague to prepare for a career in engineering. He first observed the Gramme dynamo in Graz, which worked as a generator but could also be used as an electric motor when reversed, and he came up with a technique to employ alternating current to his benefit. Later, in Budapest, he imagined the rotating magnetic field’s theory and devised ideas for an induction motor, which would be his first step toward practical alternating current use. Tesla went to work for the Continental Edison Company in Paris in 1882, and while on assignment in Strassburg in 1883, he built his first induction motor outside work hours. Tesla arrived in New York with four pennies in his pocket, a handful of his own poems, and calculations for a flying machine in 1884. He originally worked with Thomas Edison, but the two innovators’ backgrounds and approaches were so unlike that their separation was unavoidable.
The patent rights to Tesla’s polyphase system of alternating-current dynamos, transformers, and motors were purchased by George Westinghouse, president of the Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh, in May 1888. The deal sparked a tremendous power battle between Edison’s direct-current systems and Tesla and Westinghouse’s alternating-current methods, which finally won out.
Tesla quickly built his own laboratory, allowing his imaginative imagination to run wild. He experimented with shadowgraphs identical to the ones Wilhelm Röntgen would employ when he discovered X-rays in 1895. Work on a carbon button lamp, the power of electrical resonance, and different forms of illumination were among Tesla’s many experiments.
Tesla had demonstrations in his laboratory where he lighted lights by letting electricity to pass through his body, in order to ease anxieties about alternating currents. He was often asked to give talks both in the United States and overseas. Tesla’s coil, which he designed in 1891, is still commonly utilized in radios, television sets, and other electronic devices today. Tesla became a citizen of the United States in the same year.
The World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, which took place in 1893, was lit by Westinghouse using Tesla’s alternating current technology. Because of their performance, they were awarded the contract to build the first power apparatus at Niagara Falls, which included Tesla’s name and patent numbers. By the year 1896, the project had brought electricity to Buffalo.
Tesla revealed in 1898 that he had developed a teleautomatic watercraft that could be controlled remotely. When doubt was expressed, Tesla demonstrated his claims in front of a Madison Square Garden audience.
Tesla produced what he considered as his most significant discovery—terrestrial stationary waves—in Colorado Springs, Colorado, where he resided from May 1899 to early 1900. He demonstrated that the Earth could be utilized as a conductor and made to vibrate at a certain electrical frequency with this discovery. He also ignited 200 bulbs without wires from a distance of 40 kilometers (25 miles) and generated man-made lightning, which produced 41-meter-long flashes (135 feet). He was certain that he had received signals from another planet in his Colorado laboratory at one point, a claim that was ridiculed in several scientific publications.
Tesla returned to New York in 1900, and with $150,000 from American investor J. Paul Getty, he started work of a wireless global broadcasting tower on Long Island. Pierpont Morgan is an American financier. Tesla said he was able to obtain the money by transferring to Morgan 51 percent of his intellectual rights in telephony and telegraphy. He planned to enable global communication as well as the ability to communicate photographs, messages, weather forecasts, and market data. Because to a financial crisis, labor issues, and Morgan’s withdrawal of support, the project was shelved. It was Tesla’s most humiliating setback.
The focus of Tesla’s efforts switched to turbines and other projects after then. Due to a lack of funding, his ideas were confined to his notebooks, which are currently being studied by aficionados in search of undiscovered clues. In 1915, he was very unhappy when it was discovered that a story that he and Edison would split the Nobel Prize was false. Tesla received the Edison Medal from the American Institute of Electrical Engineers in 1917, which is the highest honor the institute can confer.
Only a few close friends were permitted to accompany Tesla. Robert Underwood Johnson, Mark Twain, and Francis Marion Crawford were among those who attended. He was an oddball, driven by compulsions and a developing germ phobia, and he was highly unrealistic in money affairs. However, he possessed an uncanny ability to sense buried scientific truths and use his ingenuity to establish his theories. Tesla was a blessing to reporters looking for exciting headlines, but a headache for editors who weren’t sure how seriously his future predictions should be taken. His claims that he could communicate with other planets, that he could split the Earth like an apple, and that he had devised a death ray capable of killing 10,000 aircraft at a distance of 400 kilometers drew harsh condemnation (250 miles).
Tesla’s trunks, which included his papers, diplomas, and other honors, correspondence, and laboratory notes, were detained after his death by the custodian of foreign property. Tesla’s nephew, Sava Kosanovich, finally acquired them, and they are now on display at the Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade. Hundreds of people packed the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City for his burial, as a deluge of tributes mourned the death of a great mind. Three Nobel Laureates paid homage to “one of the world’s great intellects” who “laid the road for many of contemporary times’ technical accomplishments.”
Ordinary Germans and the ‘Final Solution’. Richard J Evans. (2016, September 16). https://www.richardjevans.com/lectures/ordinary-germans-final-solution/.
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