Non-profit colleges and universities are different from business corporations

In Birnbaum’s book How Colleges Work (1988), he states: “Although it is tempting to consider a college or university, in view of its corporate existence, as being comparable in many ways to a business corporation, the differences between the two are striking” (p. 28).

Drawing on work from organizational theorists such as Birnbaum, Bolman and Deal, Manning, and others, discuss at least five (5) ways from a governmental, management, employment, and administrative nature that non-profit colleges and universities are different from business corporations. In your answer consider to the various “frames” that colleges/universities can be viewed through and how these organizational frames and models serve to maintain how organizations are viewed from the business / non-business structures. Provide support from the research literature for your response.

The question simply to describe how non-profit colleges and universities are different from business corporations?

-How college and business are different?

From governmental, management, employment, and administrative as starting point.


-Send me the outline and thesis before you start.

-Please find an appropriate citation and search

-Please find the attached two of the books mentions in the question and I also find some good references

-plagiarism free, high quality of writing, Critical thinking logical

-each point led to the next

– I want the reader to understand

-The answer should have 20 references and at least 18 pages.

Purpose of the paper:

how you think about it in terms of you’re going to make an argument and you’re going to put a thesis statement out there right so what’s the purpose of your paper your purpose the purpose of your paper is this all right now you construct an argument around that so really it how well do you make your point how well do you craft an argument how well do you persuade your reader that you know what the heck you’re talking about

5 ways explanation

Take the frames then using the ways how which business may operate, or university may operate.

For example, if you take control is from structure and bureaucratic lens

decision making several different

culture ,Network, simplism also thinking about Structure, staffing, power in term (network, hierarchy, decision making)


-The 4 frames.

-The ways that organization can be differ.

-Type of organization.

(U should talk about each one)

-How the university engaging than business

governmental regulation for college and university then there is a federal level then u can compare that to privet business have a federal law

college universities in the and how the government engages versus with business that’s right so you have a lot more regulation and a lot more


Here is more of the Professor explanation:

Networks or power in terms of hierarchy or power in terms of decision making there are lots of different ways to shape the question there’s not one way to do it but you want to think about it in terms of the matrix so imagine you have kind of a Rubik’s Cube and on one axis is the 4 frames on another axis is be the way that but the different ways that organizations can defer along all of those pieces and then the third axis is the type of organization right so now you have a really a Rubik’s Cube and you can sort of think about each one of those little boxes as something to talk about relative to each one of those influence on college universities in the way how the government engages versus with business that’s right so you have a lot more regulation and a lot more the governmental influence interference or oversight or college universities from the government of federal government versus the businesses in the federal government just like there’s more speed regulation for college universities . At the federal level and then you can compare that that business is so private businesses don’t necessarily have a whole lot of interference from the federal government yet there are federal laws that businesses have to pay attention to but government college universities have a lot more particularly their public right so now you can think about the public versus the private so a public college is different than a private college and the same might go for businesses try to in the business world a private business has a lot more flexibility than a nonprofit does or a governmental






– Clear thesis statement

-Every topic sentence should reflect the research question

-Every Paragraph supposed to talk about one idea following with support sentences and examples.

-Reference any information, Reference related to higher education.

-Use transitions word and academic words.

-Each section should have introduction and conclusion then introduce the next part of the paper.

-The answered essay of approximately 18 pages. You are expected to use primary sources whenever possible; textbooks should only be used when they are the primary source, or when the primary source is not available. If you are citing “primary” material from within another “secondary” source, please use proper APA citation to indicate this.

-Your paper must be written in proper APA (6th or 7th ed.) style.


Readers will evaluate in accordance with the following criteria: a) organization, b) content/scope (breadth and depth), c) accuracy, d) relevance, e) appropriate use of literature, evidence, and examples, f) writing style, grammar, and correct APA.

The answer reflects mastery of the art and skill of

scholarly writing: organization, style, clarity. The writer effectively uses organizational devices, such as paragraph sections, headings, and transitions.

The answer includes persuasive arguments supported by skillful referencing

from the most appropriate and relevant sources (including but not limited to relevant course work); answer refers to scholarly, peer reviewed journal articles and books

including appropriate citations.

The answer makes arguments that are clearly articulated, critically insightful, and thoughtfully responsive to the questions or themes posed. The answer masterfully

connects concepts to concrete cases/examples.

The answer contains all relevant content related to the topic. The answer provides complete, accurate, and relevant information based on extensive and careful research.

The answer clearly identifies problematic issues involved in the topic.

The paper is error free in terms of mechanics. Transitions help establish a sound

Scholarly argument and aid the reader in following the writer’s logic. The paper is consistent with the APA Manual throughout with little to no errors and would meet

the guidelines for a professional publication.

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