Ppt11EthicsIntro.ppt

PHILOSOPHY 1001-PPT 11

INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS

SEGMENT 5

ETHICS

EARLY, LATE, POST-MODERN AGES

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SEGMENT 5 – TIME FRAME

Early Modern Ages 1300AD- 1700 AD

Renaissance (same approximate dates)

Reformation (1517- 1685)

Late Modern Ages 1700AD- 1969AD

Enlightenment (1700’s)

Post-Modern Ages- 1969AD – present

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TERMS TO KNOW

Morality
Ethics
Morals
Mores
Altruism
Metaethics
Normative Ethics
Applied Ethics

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WHAT IS ETHICS?
Ethics is a formal study of right and wrong – also called Moral Philosophy – the study of moral decision making.
Ethics are the values, principles and practices which direct individual and corporate behavior.
Ethics is about protecting and promoting the well being of people (and things)
Ethics is an attempt to bridge the gap between the world as it is and the world as our hearts tell us it should and could be.
We can shape the world through ethics.

Ethics 2002 – UMC
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Ethics 2002 – UMC

A formal study- but we all have also had “informal” training in Ethics
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Ethics; The Rules of the Game of Life
Ethics is a sub-topic under the major field of Philosophy called Value Theory. Ethics, however, gets the most attention in Philosophy. It is where our metaphysical and epistemological ideas are applied to real life.
Ethics is always a crucial topic but in our ethically challenging day, it is crucial.
Ethics are the rules of the game of life.

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Survival rules
Procedural rules
Rules help create meaning

In sports, the rules protect and promote the well being of players, game and audience and create a way for the best qualities in people to come forth. Without the rules, there is chaos and no meaning.

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WHAT IS THE SCOPE OF ETHICS?
Survival Ethics – our most important rights and wrongs; self and society. (often become law)
Guidelines- ethical ideas give structure to life
Ethics can be understood as not only having to do with personal behaviors but also social, economic, political, entertainment, educational worlds.
Ethics are also positive, they are values and ideas that move us toward personal and corporate goods.

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Morality – an intuitive sense that people and things should be treated in “good” ways- that the well being of people and things should be protected and promoted.
Ethics- the specific standards, values, ideas and rules we create to validate and apply our moral sense.
Morals- usually means the same as Ethics
Mores – the essential or characteristic customs and conventions of a community. (pronounced Mor-ays)

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BASIC TERMS

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THREE FOCUSES OF ETHICAL STUDY
Metaethics – (Metaphysics) examines the source of our ethical ideas
Normative Ethics- theories, principles, ideas used to formulate ethical norms?
Applied Ethics- applying ethical ideas to real life situations

The “Great Debate” in Ethical Philosophy today; is there an objective moral reality or not?

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4 ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT ETHICS
Ethical thinking generally assumes that the following things are true.
Value of life – life has a special value
Altruism – people should act in ways to help others
Choice – people must have the choice to be altruistic
Consistency – ethical rules should stay more or less the same through time

But- there are challenges to the very idea of ethics
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CHALLENGES TO ETHICS
While there have always been challenges to ethics, in recent decades in Western society, the rejection of traditional religious based norms and the move toward moral pluralism has created new and numerous challenges to ethical thinking and practice.
Death of God – traditional religious based ethics rejected
Relativism – non-consistent base for ethics
Egoism – egoism seems to go against altruism
Evolutionary Theory – ever changing basis for ethics
Determinism and Futility – no ability to choose ethical actions
Unreasonable Demands – ethical demands are too difficult
Ethical propositions have no meaning – language confuses us- analytic

(Consider the conflict some of these ideas have with the assumptions about ethics listed on the previous slide.)
(Consider that one’s personal ethics may conflict with those held by society in general.)

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WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?
Ethical Theories
Social Contract
Egoism
Divine Command
Natural Rights/Natural Law
Utilitarianism
Kantian Ethics
Virtues
Care Ethics

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TERMS TO KNOW

Morality
Ethics
Morals
Mores
Altruism
Metaethics
Normative Ethics
Applied Ethics

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THINGS TO PONDER

Think about the many decisions and actions you take everyday that are part of the “rules of the game” of life.
Are there any actions in life which have no relationship at all to the idea of protecting and promoting the well being of people and things?
Can you describe the “Great Debate” in Ethical Philosophy and explain why it is important.

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End

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ETHICS 2002

PPT

7

GENERAL ETHICAL CONCEPTS

PPT#7

1

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