Unit III Scholarly Activity
The halo effect is described as the overall impression of a person (Perera, 2021).it is a
cognitive bias whereby the perception of a person is influenced positively by other people’s
opinions an example of the halo effect is the attractiveness stereotype which tends to judge
physically attractive people to positive qualities. However, different people have different views on
attractive people, for example, some link beauty to positive personality traits while others say that
good looking individual are likely to be dishonest and they are likely to use their beauty to
manipulate others. Halo has different impacts on real-life settings, an example is in the classroom
whereby teachers are prone to the halo effect when evaluating students, teachers tend to assume
that a well-behaved student is bright and this leads to teachers developing expectations of them
based on their appearance and not on the school records. The halo effect also impacts judgments in
the sentencing of crimes, according to a study the society holds a perception of more attractive
individuals has better prospects for the future than less attractive people. In a burglary, an
attractive person is likely to receive a lenient sentence than an unattractive person.
Prejudice is defined as a negative attitude towards members of a group (Cherry, 2020).
Prejudice strongly influence how people behave and interact with others, prejudice often includes
negative feelings, discrimination towards others and stereotyped beliefs. There are several
processes used to reduce prejudice. The first is self-esteem people with self-esteem show less
prejudice, therefore people need to gain awareness of self-awareness. The second theory is social
contact, it reduces prejudice by reducing the anxiety encountered by out-group members. The third
criteria that can be used are cooperation, research shows that cooperating with people outside of
our social groups reduces biasness, lastly, the law can be used to reduce prejudice, it is illegal to
discriminate against people based on their color, sex, religion or race.
The most important criteria which reduce prejudice is cooperation, although prejudice still
exists in American schools systems and leads to discrimination against students of colour,
cooperative learning however has brought students together and under these conditions, students
are likely to interact in positive ways such as positive independence and when they share
information and resources, they create emotional support towards one another and reduce
prejudice, positive independence enables students to cooperate when learning and each student is
held accountable for fulfilling their role(Ryzin, Roseth&Mcclure, 2020).
A prejudice reduction cooperation program that I would come up with would be to enhance
cooperation, it will include a clear intergroup cooperation, each person in the group is required to
value the other, and all participants should promote empathy and perspective-taking. Law is the
second most important criteria, a prejudice reduction program would include involving
government officials to help teach the public more about moral education and creating awareness
on equality. This program will be implemented in schools and workplaces, it will target the public
in general, I believe it will be effective because when a person practices empathy and puts
themselves in other peoples shoe, it changes their perception of how they view other people and
this improves their interaction.
Cherry, K (2021). How Peoples Prejudice Develop. https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-
Prera, A (2021,). Why the halo effect affects how we perceive others. Simply Psychology.
Van Ryzin, M. J., Roseth, C. J., & McClure, H. (2020). The Effects of Cooperative Learning on
Peer Relations, Academic Support, and Engagement in Learning among Students of
Color. The Journal of educational of research. Vol 113 (4).
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